Endoscopy is indicated for many problems encountered in veterinary medicine. It allows for internal visualization of an area of the body, and can be used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. Once an area is visualized, samples may be taken for biopsy or foreign objects may be removed. Biopsies may be taken using specialized instruments inserted through a channel in the endoscope.
Common problems that might be found with endoscopy include foreign objects in the stomach, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), inflammatory bowel disease, and less often, cancer. Rhinoscopy (nasal scope) is recommended when the patient experiences nasal discharge, nasal bleeding, and/or sneezing/snorting and the veterinarian is concerned about inflammatory/allergic diseases, polyps, foreign objects or cancer.
Endoscopy is performed under general anesthesia.